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Central Province

 

The Central Province is located in the central hills of Sri Lanka and covers the land extent of 5676 square kilometres, which is 8.6% of the total land area of Sri Lanka. The Province lies on 6.6°- 7.7° Northern latitude and between 80.5°-80.9° Eastern longitudes. The elevation of the Province ranges from 600 feet to over 6000 feet above sea level in the central hills. For administrative purpose, the Province is divided into 3 districts; Kandy, Matale and Nuwara-Eliya and 36 Divisional Se ...

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The Central Province is located in the central hills of Sri Lanka and covers the land extent of 5676 square kilometres, which is 8.6% of the total land area of Sri Lanka. The Province lies on 6.6°- 7.7° Northern latitude and between 80.5°-80.9° Eastern longitudes. The elevation of the Province ranges from 600 feet to over 6000 feet above sea level in the central hills. For administrative purpose, the Province is divided into 3 districts; Kandy, Matale and Nuwara-Eliya and 36 Divisional Secretariats (DSs). There are 20 DS divisions in the Kandy District, 11 DS divisions in the Matale District and 5 DS divisions in the Nuwara-Eliya District. A population of 2,689,000 (in 2010) live in the Central Province and the ethnic diversity of the Province contribute in making its social fabric vivid and fascinating.  The majority of the population is Sinhala, while Indian Tamil, Sri Lankan Tamil and Moors contribute significantly.


The province is in a strategic geographical location with easy access to any part of the country.  The Colombo – Kandy main road provides accessibility to the Central Province from the Western Province, and it has access to both Polonnaruwa and Anuradapura, which are frequented by both domestic and mostly international tourists. The Kandy-Mahiyanganaya road and the Kandy-Badulla road provide access to the eastern parts of the country, where famous and beautiful beaches are situated.  There are various modes of accessibilities and directions to enter and leave the province. Amongst the various existing infrastructure that facilitates these accessibilities are the railway routes of Matale-Kandy, Badulla-Colombo (Ohiya-Pattipola), the developed and currently developing road networks linking the Province.


The Central Province consists primarily of mountainous terrain. The hill capital, Kandy and the cities of Nuwara-Eliya, Dambulla and Matale are located within the Central Province. Agriculture and trade dominate the economy in the province while the province produces much of the famous Ceylon tea. The most significant feature is that the province is home for four World Heritage sites; Kandy heritage city, Dambulla cave temple, Sigiriya fortress, central highland (Knuckles range, Horton Plains, Peak Wilderness Sanctuary (Adam’s Peak) which attract more domestic and international tourists. The Central Province has numerous other tourist attractions including well-known botanical gardens Peradeniya and Hakgala, Wasgamuwa National Park, areas of natural scenic beauty, unusual and interesting fauna and flora, diverse climatic conditions, places of land, water-based and other recreation, archaeological and historical sites, interesting cultural traditions, arts and handicrafts, festivals and special events, agricultural landscape and various other attractions. Climatic diversity and the distinctive features in the province are the major reasons that attract both domestic and international tourists to the province.  Climatic conditions in the province differ from place to place and tourists can get diverse climatic experiences within a short distance of travel. Many parts of the province are cool, while some parts of the eastern and northern parts are dry.

 

 


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