Administrative District of Galle having an extent of 1651.6 Square Kilometers and bounded by Districts of Kalutara & Rathnapura from North, District of Matara from East, and Indian Ocean from West including 73 Kilometers lengthy coastal belt from Bentota to Goviyapana. Overland extent is 1635.6 Square Kilometers while 16 Square Kilometers of area is consisting with internal water reservoirs.
Physical features of Galle district formed with plenty of flattened lands and internal lands are having hills. Hiniduma Kanda, Thibb ...
Physical features of Galle district formed with plenty of flattened lands and internal lands are having hills. Hiniduma Kanda, Thibbotuwawa Kanda, Kabaragala Kanda, Kondagala Kakirihena and Wadiyahena Balagala Kanda are few of main hills among those hilly areas of Galle District.
The land of the Galle District formed with ancient Cambrian rock. Prevalence of Red Yellow Podsolic rocks could be seen through out the entire district of Galle. Moon stones, variety of a very rare rock is also found in Meetiyagoda area within the divisional secretariat of Ambalangoda. Corel reefs, wet lands & lagoons filled with Kadolana could be seen as a geographical formation along the coastal zone. An extraordinary formation of natural corals as a nature’s gift in Hikkaduwa is very famous in locally and internationally and considered as a paradise in tourism which helps for the vast development of the country.
Sufficient rainfall is received to this district by south west monsoon and heavy rainfall could be seen in between month of May & September annually. In addition that rainfall is available due to the performance of convectional cyclones. Annual rainfall is recorded in between 80 to 160 inches while annual temperature prevails as 75 Degrees of Fahrenheit generally.
“Ginganga” is the main river of the district and it commences from the Kabaragala hills and drop in to the sea from Gintota. The river provides drinking water to the Galle City and fosters from the “Sinharaja” virgin rain forests. Further to that, there are few smaller rivers such as “Bentara ganga”, Madu ganga & Koggala Oya could be seen in the area. Formation of blooming huge forests are available as a result of high temperature as well as high rain falls prevailing in the district. Part of Sinharaja Forest which is internationally having recognized as a world heritage and belongs to the tropical wet topographic terrain is also included in to the District of Galle.
Rumassala Hillock which evidencing “Rama - Ravana” era, Spreading glory throughout the entire area and shining Fortress of Galle and Fort of Galle which symbolizing colonial era of Sri Lanka, Unwatuna Welle Devala & Seenigama sacred areas those considered as living lands of God Devol while Yatagala & Paragoda Sacred Areas of Buddhist Temples where all those are considered as historically very important places which situated in Galle District.
Galle district is contributing a considerable income into the national income through Agro based industries and tourism industries. Paddy, Tea, Rubber, Coconut and Cinnamon are considered as main crops while Bentota, Unawatuna, Hikkaduwa and Koggala areas along the coastal belt considered as vastly famous in Tourism industry. Also the Koggala free trade zone which situated 10 kilo meters far away from Galle City and its facilitate employment to the huge number of personnel.