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Hambantota District

Situated in the Southeast of Sri Lanka, the district of Hambantota occupies an area of 2,609 km2 in size - approximately 3.97% of the country’s 65,610 km2 of total surface area. Major inland bodies of water cover just over 113 km2 of the district area.
At its widest, the district extends for 106 kms from Ritigala in the West, to Kumana in the East. From Hingurakanda, the furthest North, to Welladdoragoda, the furthest South, the distance is 39 kms. This makes Hambantota the 12th largest of the 25 administrative districts that make up Sri Lanka.
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Situated in the Southeast of Sri Lanka, the district of Hambantota occupies an area of 2,609 km2 in size - approximately 3.97% of the country’s 65,610 km2 of total surface area. Major inland bodies of water cover just over 113 km2 of the district area.
At its widest, the district extends for 106 kms from Ritigala in the West, to Kumana in the East. From Hingurakanda, the furthest North, to Welladdoragoda, the furthest South, the distance is 39 kms. This makes Hambantota the 12th largest of the 25 administrative districts that make up Sri Lanka.
To the Northwest, the district is bordered by hills named Panilkanda, Gongala, Kabaragala, Koppakanda, and Bissogala, which extend from the foothills of the Buluthota range. On its Western boundary are found yet more hills named as Nagalakanda, Kotihena, Kerakele, Ambangala, and Deniyakanda. To the North and Northeast, the district is surrounded by the Kataragama Hills while the Kumbukkan Oya and the Indian Ocean is found on its Eastern and Southern Boundaries.
Climatically, Hambantota District can be said to be a dry semi-arid region that has hot dry weather characterised by bright sunshine. This applies to the majority of the district, but does change somewhat toward the highland area of the West and Northwest. These sections have a pleasant wet and cool climate. The mean temperature range is between 26oC in January, the coolest month, to 30oC + in April, the hottest month.
The monsoons are the most significant factor in the wind system of the region and the major rainy season is the Northeast monsoon that stretches from October to January. The district annual rainfall is between 1,000 and 1,250 mm in the dry areas, between 1,000 and 1,500 mm in the intermediate parts and between 1,500 and 2,000 mm in the wet parts. During the year the wind speed varies from 15 km/h during the Northeast monsoon to 23 km/h during the South-West monsoons.

Geographical background: Hambantota district is fortunate enough to have quite rare geographical features, which are unique in Sri Lanka - such as a sea-fed ‘Blow-Hole’ in the Tangalle divisional area and hot-water springs in the Sooriyawewa divisional area. The springs are situated close to the famous “Madunagala” hermitage of Ambalantota.

The region of Hambantota was the home of a great civilisation in Sri Lanka’s history it formed part of the kingdom of Ruhana. However, detailed information regarding the history of this time is available only after the arrival of Vijaya, the first recorded King of Sri Lanka, onto the Island, which took place in 543 B.C. It was from this time onwards that the Aryans, who were the founders of the Singhala race, began to establish settlements on the Northern plain as well as in this region.
‘Ruhana’ established itself as a kingdom only after Prince Mahanaga, who was a brother of Devananpiyatissa, laid the foundation for the progress of this region by building a network of irrigation projects. He made use of Kirindi Oya which flowed


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